PKG vs DMG

SeanA
Contributor III

Looking to see if I have missed anything...

When creating packages in Casper, I can create PKGs or DMGs. If I create
PKGs, I have three advantages: i can include scripts within the package, the
package can overwrite existing files (if it is scripted to do so within the
PKG), and I can use Apple Remote Desktop to push the PKG. If I create DMGs,
I have a package that can install to all user profiles and, utilizing Pre
and Post Flight through Composer, I can overwrite files.

Personally, I like PKGs, primarily for the scripting and ARD advantages.

Are there any other considerations that you have that helps determines what
format package you use?

Sean
~~~~~~~~~
Sean Alexander
Macintosh Services Delivery
Lockheed Martin - Enterprise Business Services
~~~~~~~~~

11 REPLIES 11

ernstcs
Contributor III

DMGs offer self healing and uninstallation. The index also provides for a way to search for files in the DMGs.

I think PKGs are also good for HTTP downloads because they are resumable, but I'm not 100% on that one.

I've always used DMGs unless it was something that was already packaged, but I think that was mostly historical since there was a time PKGs and MPKGs were natively supported I believe.

Craig E

jarednichols
Honored Contributor

We also use DMG by default... also don't forget that DMG gets you FEU/FUT whereas PKG won't do that. Quite useful when needed.

j

talkingmoose
Honored Contributor II

You're correct that each has its advantages and disadvantages. In addition
On 12/21/10 6:08 PM, "Alexander, Sean" <sean.alexander at lmco.com> wrote:
to what you've found, I'll add these:

  1. Both a .dmg and a .pkg package can be indexed, however, if you have
    scripts in your .pkg file that move files around then indexing is pretty
    much useless. Indexing is important if you want to easily remove the
    contents of a package from a system.

  2. A .dmg package is seen as a single file rather than a folder of files
    like a .pkg package. (JAMF's Composer is not creating the new flat-style
    package introduced by Leopard.) The advantage a .dmg package has is that
    larger files may copy much more quickly to your distribution points than
    .pkg packages.

I personally use .dmg most of the time because of the small file size and
lower overhead when copying between servers. I'll only use the .pkg format
when I need to add scripts.

--

William Smith
Technical Analyst
Merrill Communications LLC
(651) 632-1492

donmontalvo
Esteemed Contributor II

Hi Sean,

We prefer PKG format for many of the same reasons you pointed out. It offers us the most flexibility. We have global helpdesk and desktop support staff who need to be able to double-click an installer Populating existing and future users is a simple matter of putting user level resources in /tmp and using a loop command in the script to copy to all /Users directories and the User Template.

We work with many helpdesk and desktop support techs in different countries who deal with users who may or may not be sitting at a desk on the client's LAN (such as home users, road warriors, etc.). PKG is the only format that works for us when it comes to day to day support.

DKG is great, but limits your options. Only usable in Casper. So we decided to standardize on PKG format. Just one opinion...

Don

--
https://donmontalvo.com

Not applicable

Don,

If possible, I would love to hear more about this strategy you are using.

- nick

donmontalvo
Esteemed Contributor II

Hi Nick,

Sure, here's a sample:

Snapshot shows we need to deploy user level stuff:

/Users/jdoe/Library/Preferences/crap1 /Users/jdoe/Library/Application Support/crap2

So we set up the pkg to dump the above here:

/tmp/usercrap

Using a postflight script to copy the stuff to existing/future users:

#!/bin/sh # # Copy from /tmp to existing/future users.

# Copy to User Template and set owner to root. /usr/bin/ditto /tmp/usercrap /System/Library/User Template/English.lproj /usr/sbin/chown root:wheel /System/Library/User Template/English.lproj

# Loop to populate existing user directories, set owner and group too. for i in $(/bin/ls /Users) do /usr/bin/ditto /tmp/usercrap /Users/$i/ /usr/sbin/chown $i:staff /Users/$i/path/to/copy done exit 0

The /tmp directory purges on reboot. Tweak as needed.

Hmmm...bonus points to anyone who can tell us what to do the script to have it IGNORE the /Users/Shared directory? :)

(this is where Steve/Thomas usually chime in with the golden nugget answer!)

We used input from the usual suspects on this list (Steve Wood, Thomas Larkin, etc.)...

Don

--
https://donmontalvo.com

Not applicable

Epic!
This is awesome!
Always had a sneaky suspicion that it was somehow possible!

Thank you all, for the input.

- nick

talkingmoose
Honored Contributor II

Yep, this is what I do too for the most part for those items that need
On 12/22/10 11:33 AM, "Don Montalvo" <donmontalvo at gmail.com> wrote:
deploying to existing users. We're in an AD environment, which means FEU
doesn't work.

--

William Smith
Technical Analyst
Merrill Communications LLC
(651) 632-1492

Not applicable

We've been using mostly the PKG format because, as of Leopard, Casper seems to have a problem mounting disk images invisibly (even though hdiutil does it fine). We don't want disk images mounting on users' Desktops while we install software.

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jrippy
Contributor II

I know this is an old thread but just in case it helps...
Don, try replacing the following line:
for i in $(/bin/ls Users)
with
for i in $(/bin/ls Users | /usr/bin/grep -v Shared)

donmontalvo
Esteemed Contributor II

Yes, very old thread. :) Search through the forum and you'll see most of us are now leveraging dscl for targeting the right folders when looping in scripts.

--
https://donmontalvo.com