Netboot not booting

ThijsX
Valued Contributor

Hi,

We have a VLAN where we deploy images to windows clients with WDS/PXE.
In that same VLAN we have configured a Apple Server with the NetInstall service enabled and configured.

We have tested the Apple Server on dumb switch and the Apple server also has DHCP enabled, and guess everything works like a charm, booting a macbook with N and he will boot the image.

When we let the Apple server join the VLAN where DHCP is configured on the Juniper, the environment is unable to boot the images from the NetInstall service.
The images are visible on the startup disk pane, and in the recovery start up disk pane, also the Apple server & client are able to ping each other.
When booting with ALT or N or ALT+N the client is unable to find a netboot location.

So my conclusion is that the Apple server is configured correctly, but in our VLAN where everything is open and not blocked it goes wrong.

Does anyone have tips like DHCP options / Bootfile names etc.
Thanks!

beside; i am the coworker of Skeb1ns, he already posted a thread but that one has no live anymore.
https://www.jamf.com/jamf-nation/discussions/19120/netboot-not-working-what-s-going-on-here

718e19e841c440f4b4d22bc0c02a06f0
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5 REPLIES 5

StoneMagnet
Contributor III

@txhaflaire There may be some useful info in this thread: NetBoot and PXE Boot co-existence

jwojda
Valued Contributor II

what about option booting or booting to the OS and going into System Preferences and looking at the startup disk?

also, w/o helper IPs you can't netbook across subnets.

You can use the following command to see live messages logged by the bootpd process on the NetBoot server:

sudo log stream --process bootpd

You can use the following command to see historical messages in the system log datastore on the NetBoot server:

sudo log show --predicate 'senderImagePath contains "bootpd"'

ThijsX
Valued Contributor

@StoneMagnet Thank you for the response :), but already seen that thread and it dit not help me out unfortunately.

@jwojda Thank you for the response ! option booting and booting via OS > SYS prefs > Startupdisk > shows NetInstall_macOS_10.12.6.nbi and when restarting it restart but screen keeps black, after a while it boots regular boot disk.

Nice log commands, see below for the live messages.

2017-07-26 14:36:24.351697+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: BSDP INFORM [en0] 1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7 NetBoot008 arch=i386 sysid=MacBookPro11,4
2017-07-26 14:36:24.351873+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: NetBoot: [1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7] BSDP ACK[LIST] sent 10.90.78.9 pktsize 307
2017-07-26 14:36:27.419360+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: BSDP INFORM [en0] 1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7 NetBoot008 arch=i386 sysid=MacBookPro11,4
2017-07-26 14:36:27.419538+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: NetBoot: [1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7] BSDP ACK[LIST] sent 10.90.78.9 pktsize 307
2017-07-26 14:36:31.775886+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: BSDP INFORM [en0] 1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7 NetBoot008 arch=i386 sysid=MacBookPro11,4
2017-07-26 14:36:31.776047+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: NetBoot: [1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7] BSDP ACK[LIST] sent 10.90.78.9 pktsize 307
2017-07-26 14:36:33.164606+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: BSDP INFORM [en0] 1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7 NetBoot008 arch=i386 sysid=MacBookPro11,4
2017-07-26 14:36:33.165819+0200 0x24e9aa Activity 0x80000000000c7972 35885 bootpd: (CoreFoundation) Loading Preferences From System CFPrefsD For Search List
2017-07-26 14:36:33.840754+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: NetBoot: [1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7] BSDP ACK[SELECT] sent 10.90.78.9 pktsize 448
2017-07-26 14:37:09.362223+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: BSDP INFORM [en0] 1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7 NetBoot008 arch=i386 sysid=MacBookPro11,4
2017-07-26 14:37:09.362357+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: NetBoot: [1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7] BSDP ACK[LIST] sent 10.90.78.9 pktsize 313
2017-07-26 14:37:10.352811+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: BSDP INFORM [en0] 1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7 NetBoot008 arch=i386 sysid=MacBookPro11,4
2017-07-26 14:37:10.353347+0200 0x24e9aa Default 0x0 35885 bootpd: NetBoot: [1,a8:60:b6:1c:4:e7] BSDP ACK[LIST] sent 10.90.78.9 pktsize 313

Outcome of historical message;
2017-07-26 12:53:55.617474+0200 0x23b52d Default 0x0 30857 bootpd: BSDP INFORM [en0] 1,a8:60:b6:1b:ce:b7 NetBoot013 arch=i386 sysid=MacBookPro11,4
2017-07-26 12:53:55.617621+0200 0x23b52d Default 0x0 30857 bootpd: NetBoot: [1,a8:60:b6:1b:ce:b7] BSDP ACK[LIST] sent 10.90.78.142 pktsize 313
2017-07-26 13:03:25.016294+0200 0x24302f Default 0x0 32553 bootpd: can't open /etc/bootptab
2017-07-26 13:03:25.016346+0200 0x24302f Default 0x0 32553 bootpd: server name sosx-06111.local.nl.bol.com
2017-07-26 13:03:25.017730+0200 0x24302f Default 0x0 32553 bootpd: interface en0: ip 10.90.78.17 mask 255.255.255.0
2017-07-26 13:03:25.020030+0200 0x24302f Default 0x0 32553 bootpd: bsdpd: re-reading configuration
2017-07-26 13:03:25.020062+0200 0x24302f Default 0x0 32553 bootpd: bsdpd: shadow file size will be set to 48 megabytes

ThijsX
Valued Contributor

Anyone maybe a suggestion? Would be great!

Greetings,
Thijs Xhaflaire

j_meister
Contributor

We got the same problem here.